Research Spotlight: High-Yield Performance, Part 1

08/01/14 | Maria Halmo

The search for yield has led many adventurers into our fertile lands. With Treasury rates still floating around 2%-3%, novice and veteran investors alike have turned to MLPs to fortify their portfolios. For many, the chase for yield has turned into a hunt for growth, but some investors are still singularly focused on finding the highest-yielding stocks out there. In our experience, we find that MLPs, just like traditional stocks, can have high yields for a reason—investors are paid to take on the additional risk of those companies. So at what point do the risks outweigh the benefits? How could you possibly go wrong with a stock paying out a 10% yield? Like many things in life, it’s all about balance.

This month’s research spotlight focuses on the dispersion of returns between the highest-yielding names in the sector and the lowest-yielding names. For this analysis, we used the companies in the Alerian MLP Equal Weight Index (AMZE). This ensures that the most investable MLPs are represented, across all subsectors, while excluding those MLPs with variable distributions, or that do not pay a distribution at all. At the beginning of each year, the 50 constituents are ranked by indicative yield and divided into quintiles, such that each quintile basket has 10 names. These baskets are then equally weighted and rebalanced at the beginning of each year.

Straight Indicative Yield Quintile Baskets

Basket 1 includes the names with the ten highest yields. Basket 5 has the names with the ten lowest yields. The ten years of historical performance, inclusive of 2004-2013, are then analyzed for price return. Note that the aggregate performance of the baskets may not line up exactly with the performance of the AMZE, since the baskets are rebalanced annually instead of quarterly.

Annual Price Performance

The highest-yielding names are considered to be the riskiest, and that appears to be rewarded, especially during the volatile years of the financial crisis and subsequent recovery. In 2008, Basket 1 fell only a few percentage points more than the index; however, in 2009, during the recovery, it had the highest return: 123%, compared to the AMZE’s increase of 80%.

Value of $1,000 Invested

During the 2008-2009 period, Baskets 1, 2, and 3 regained all of their losses and then some. Baskets 4 and 5, on the other hand, remained down over 20% and 50%, respectively. During volatile times, it appears that the "safest" MLPs, focusing solely on price performance, may not actually provide much safety at all.

Breakdown of Performance

In a price return comparison against the five baskets, the AMZE falls in the middle, as is to be expected. Perhaps less intuitive is that the best performer over the period is Basket 2. In the next part of this series, we’ll examine the performance of each quintile and take a closer look at volatility. Stay tuned!