1Q22 Midstream Dividends and the Outlook for Variable Payouts

05/17/22 | Stacey Morris, CFA


  • Midstream dividend trends remained positive for 1Q22 with no cuts across Alerian’s midstream indexes for the third straight quarter and several examples of growth, including a handful of names raising their quarterly payouts by double-digit percentages.
  • On a year-over-year basis, companies that have grown their payouts represent over 80% of Alerian’s MLP and broad midstream benchmarks by weighting.
  • A few midstream names have deployed variable or special dividends, but generally, variable or special dividends may not gain as much traction for midstream compared to upstream.

A key theme for midstream in 2022 has been the more meaningful return to dividend growth afforded by significant free cash flow generation. For 1Q22 payouts, the positive momentum continued, as evidenced by more companies growing dividends, a handful of names announcing double-digit percentage increases, and importantly, no cuts. A few midstream names have added a variable component to their distributions or deployed a special dividend in recent quarters. Today’s note recaps 1Q22 midstream dividend announcements and discusses the potential for more midstream players to adopt a variable dividend framework.

1Q22 dividend recap: positive momentum continues.

Midstream dividend trends remained positive for 1Q22 with no cuts across Alerian’s midstream indexes for the third straight quarter and twelve names increasing their payouts sequentially. A handful of names raised their quarterly payouts by double-digit percentages, including Western Midstream’s (WES) 53% increase, Plains All American’s (PAA) 21% increase, Energy Transfer’s (ET) 14% increase, and Cheniere Energy Partners’ (CQP) 11% increase to its base distribution, which accompanied a variable distribution of $0.275 per unit. Other notable mentions include TC Energy’s (TRP CN) 3% increase, DT Midstream’s (DTM) 7% hike, and Crestwood Equity Partners’ (CEQP) 5% increase – its first distribution increase since early 2020.

The pie charts below show the quarter-over-quarter changes to dividends for the Alerian Midstream Energy Index (AMNA), Alerian MLP Index (AMZ), and Alerian MLP Infrastructure Index (AMZI) by comparing 1Q22 with 4Q21. To be clear, 1Q22 dividends refer to the dividends paid in 2Q22 as a result of operational performance in 1Q22. For context, many companies that typically raise their payouts once a year do so with the 4Q or 1Q payout, which enhances the sequential growth shown below.



Year-over-year comparison shows robust growth trends.

The year-over-year comparison can be more informative than the sequential trends given a proclivity for some companies to raise their payout once per year. On a year-over-year basis, companies that have grown their payouts represent over 80% of the AMZ, AMZI, and AMNA by weighting. Admittedly, names with a track record for dividend growth tend to be larger names that have a greater index weighting. Even on an absolute basis, though, the growers in AMNA (22 names) are more than double those that have maintained (10 names), evidencing a clear bias to growth. The lone year-over-year cut is from Shell Midstream Partners (SHLX), which announced a distribution cut in July 2021.


Charts 2

Could more midstream companies deploy variable or special dividends?

Midstream and energy companies broadly have prioritized free cash flow and returns to shareholders through dividends and buybacks. Several oil and gas producers, including Devon Energy (DVN), Pioneer Natural Resources (PXD), and Diamondback Energy (FANG), have deployed variable or special dividends to enhance cash returns to investors. A few midstream companies have followed suit. In February, Western Midstream (WES) announced a framework for paying an enhanced distribution along with its regular first quarter payout starting with 1Q23 contingent on achieving specific leverage goals. The enhanced distribution will be based on free cash flow generated in the preceding year less debt repayments, base distributions, and buybacks. Similarly, Cheniere Energy Partners (CQP) has incorporated a variable component into its quarterly distribution based on the remaining cash available per unit, which will take into consideration debt repayments and capital allocation goals in addition to other items. MLPX (MPLX) paid a special distribution in November 2021, and management noted on the earnings call this month that a supplemental distribution remains in their toolbox for returning capital to unitholders.

More midstream companies could look to deploy variable dividends, but special payouts are likely to be less popular for midstream names compared to their upstream counterparts. For one, midstream businesses typically have limited commodity price exposure, which means less upside for cash flows in strong pricing environments like today and less downside in more challenging periods. Relative to oil and gas producers, midstream can pay attractive dividends consistently from stable cash flows, which should be rewarded with higher equity prices. A key attraction of variable or special dividends is the inherent flexibility, but there is debate around whether special payouts are appropriately rewarded in equity prices. Some companies may favor buybacks over special dividends, because there is a more direct impact on the equity price, but buybacks may be less attractive if a company has a limited float (i.e. shares available to be traded by public investors). For upstream, special dividends can help restore investor confidence, which was damaged by years of outspending cash flows and a lack of capital discipline. Within midstream, adoption of variable payouts may be less common, but businesses with more commodity price exposure would arguably be better suited for special payouts, namely gathering & processing.

Bottom line:

Attractive yields and more meaningful dividend growth enhance the midstream investment case, complementing free cash flow generation, buybacks, a stronger macro energy landscape, and inflation protection. Midstream/MLPs continue to offer yields well above other income-oriented sectors, while macro and micro tailwinds are enhancing the potential for total return.



AMZI is the underlying index for the Alerian MLP ETF (AMLP) and the ETRACS Alerian MLP Infrastructure Index ETN Series B (MLPB). AMZ is the underlying index for the JP Morgan Alerian MLP Index ETN (AMJ) and the ETRACS Quarterly Pay 1.5x Leveraged Alerian MLP Index ETN (MLPR). AMNA is the underlying index for the ETRACS Alerian Midstream Energy Index ETN (AMNA).

Related Research:

Constructive Outlook for 2022 Midstream/MLP Dividends

4Q21 Midstream Dividends: Goodbye Cuts and Hello Growth

Inflation Worries? Not for Midstream/MLPs

MLPs Leading the Way for Midstream Buybacks in 4Q21

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